Food Relations of Ukraine and the RSFSR in 1918 − the first half of 1919

Dmytro Arkhireyskyi


The purpose of the article is to establish and investigate the dependence of the population of Soviet Russia, which in 1918 − the first half of 1919 was suffering from the food crisis caused by the policy of the Bolsheviks, as well as the communist regime itself on Ukrainian food, also, to review the plans of the RSFSR leadership on Ukrainian agricultural resources in the context of the actual conquest of Russia by Ukraine in early 1919.

Methods of research: chronological, structural-system, logical-historical.

The main results. The reasons for the birth in Russia in 1918 of the traffic of bagmen and the peculiarities of the penetration of Russian private suppliers into the territory of Ukraine were researched; the reaction of the Ukrainian State to the appearance of Russian bagmen in the country was studied; the level of efficiency of trade relations of independent Ukraine and RSFSR is analyzed; the relationship between the food situation in Russia and the attempts of the Bolsheviks to overcome it by establishing control over Ukrainian bread in the first half of 1919 was established; it has been proved that the establishment of the Bolshevik authorities in Ukraine and the introduction of the policy of the War Communism here meant the use of force, non-economic methods of influencing Ukrainian peasants for the purpose of actually extracting food resources from them.

Practical significance. The results of the article are recommended for use in synthetic works on the history of Ukraine and Russia during the revolution period of 1917−1921, as well as for the development of special courses on the history of Ukraine, Russia and Eastern Europe. These materials can also be used to promote historical knowledge.

Originality. The article is completely original, performed on the basis of the generalization of the experience of a number of domestic and foreign researchers with the involvement of archival and narrative sources.

Scientific novelty. For the first time in the national historiography, the data revealing the reasons and the peculiarities of the food crisis in Soviet Russia in 1918, and also the doom of a significant part of the Russians to self-help, were synthesized and investigated; the dependence of the starving population of Russia and its authorities on Ukrainian food was first shown; the ways of obtaining Ukrainian bread by Russian bagmen and the Bolshevik regime in the context of the events of the end of 1918 − the first half of 1919 were highlighted.

Type of article: anlytical.


Bolsheviks; Food crisis; Bread; Bagmen

Full Text:



Arkhireyskyi, D. V., 2015. Ekonomichne znachennya ukrayins'ko-rosiys'koho kordonu 1918 – pochatku 1919 rr. [The economic significance of the Ukrainian-Russian border of 1918 – early 1919]. Pytannya nimets'koyi istoriyi, pp. 325–333 (in Ukrainian).

Arkhireyskyi, D., 2013. Radyans'ka mytna sluzhba mizhvoyennoyi Ukrayiny [Soviet Customs Service of the Interwar Ukraine]. Dnipropetrovsk: AMSU (in Ukrainian).

Babicheva, O. S., 2011. Problema nelehal'noho postachannya v Rosiyi ta Pivdenno-Skhidniy Ukrayini v 1917 r. [The problem of illegal supply in Russia and Southeast Ukraine in 1917]. Humanitarnyy zhurnal, no. 1−2, pp. 100–107 (in Ukrainian).

Vert, N., 2001. Istoriya Radyans'koyi derzhavy. 1900–1991 [History of the Soviet state. 1900–1991]. Kyiv: Verteks (in Ukrainian).

Davydov, A. Yu., 2007. Meshochniki i diktatura v Rossii. 1917–1921 gg. [Bagmen and dictatorship in Russia. 1917–1921]. St. Petersburg: Aleteyya (in Russian).

Kondrat'ev, N. D., 1991. Rynok khlebov i ego regulirovanie vo vremya voyny i revolyutsii [The bread market and its regulation during the war and revolution]. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Konkvest R., 1993. Zhnyva skorboty: Radyans'ka kolektyvizatsiya i holodomor [Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Holodomor]. Kyiv: Lybid' (in Ukrainian).

Kul'chytsʼkyy, S., 1996. Komunizm v Ukrayini: pershe desyatyrichchya (1919–1928) [Communism in Ukraine: the first decade (1919–1928)]. Kyiv: Osnovy (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyuchenko, S. A., 1996. Krestʼyanskiy Brest, ili predystoriya bol'shevistskogo NEPa [Peasant Brest, or the prehistory of the Bolshevik NEP]. Mosсow: Russkoe knigoizdatel'stvo (in Russian).

Pogoda, Yu. V. and Popruga, Yu. A., 2005. Dnevnik prikazhchika [Diary of the salesman]. Poltava: Firm "Barz Inc. (in Russian).

Inventory 14. Fund 413. Moscow: Russian State Archive of Economics

Serhiychuk, V., 2002. Neusvidomlennya Ukrayiny. Stavlennya svitu do ukrayinsʼkoyi derzhavnosti: pohlyad u 1917−1921 roky z analizom s'ohodennya [Unaware of Ukraine. Attitude of the world to Ukrainian statehood: a view from 1917−1921 with the analysis of the present]. Lviv: Svichado (in Ukrainian).

Sokoloff, Zh., 2008. Bednaya derzhava: Istoriya Rossii s 1815 goda do nashikh dney [Poor Power: History of Russia from 1815 to the present day]. Moscow: The Higher School of Economics Publishing House (in Russian).

Tymoshchuk, O. V., 2000. Okhoronnyy aparat Ukrayins'koyi derzhavy (kviten'–hruden' 1918 r.) [Guard of the Ukrainian State (April – December 1918)]. Kharkiv: The University of Internal Affairs Publishing House (in Ukrainian).

Pyrih, R., ed., 2015. Ukrayins'ka Derzhava (kviten'−hruden' 1918

roku). [Ukrainian State (April−December 1918)]. Documents and materials. In 2 vols. Kyiv: Tempora, vol. 1 (in Ukrainian).

Fedyushin, O., 2007. Ukrainskaya revolyutsiya. 1917–1918 [Ukrainian revolution. 1917–1918]. Moscow: ZAO Tsentrpoligraf (in Russian).

Khosking, Dzh., 1994. Istoriya Sovetskogo Soyuza. 1917–1991 [History of the Soviet Union. 1917−1991]. Moscow: Vagrius (in Russian).

Shpektarenko, I. V., 1997. Z istoriyi ukrayins'koho "eksportu" do Rosiyi (kinetsʼ 1917 – pochatok 1918 rr.) [From the history of Ukrainian "exports" to Russia (end of 1917 – early 1918)]. Ukrayina i Rosiya: dosvid istorychnykh zv"yazkiv ta perspektyvy spivrobitnytstva [Ukraine and Russia: Historical experience and prospects for cooperation]. Proceedings of the Interregional Scientific-Practical Conference. Dnipropetrovsk: Promin, pp. 92–93 (in Ukrainian).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Oles Honchar DNU

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Ukraine online - каталог сайтов Украины каталог сайтів

Flag Counter


© Roxolania Historĭca = Historical Roxolania, 2018-2020